South Dakota East River Hay Market
Sioux Falls, SD    Fri Oct 18, 2019    USDA-SD Dept of Ag Market News

South Dakota Weekly Hay Summary 
All prices per ton, unless noted, FOB the stack.

   Compared to last week:  Alfalfa hay steady to firm, grass not well
tested.  Demand is very good for high quality hay of all kinds,
especially if it is in a large square bale.  Many out of state buyers
are searching desperately for high quality alfalfa.  There is a much
more plentiful supply of lower quality alfalfa and grass hay as it was
so difficult to make hay with a high feeding value.  Very good demand
for straw already.  Cutting and baling of cover crops has been delayed
as well thanks to the storm last week that brought more unwelcomed rain
and large amounts of snow in northern and central areas of the state.
Drier, warmer weather this week is helpful but more rain in the forecast
for early next week.  All hay and straw sold by the ton FOB, unless 
otherwise noted.

   Alfalfa:  Premium to Supreme:  Large Squares, 215.00-250.00; Small
Squares, 6.50 per bale.  Good:  Large Squares, 175.00-225.00.  Fair:  
Large Squares, 175.00-225.00; Large Rounds, 140.00.  Utility to Fair:  
Large Squares, 165.00.

   Sun-cured Alfalfa pellets:  15 pct 235.00; 17 pct 240.00.  Alfalfa
Meal: 17 pct 245.00.

   Grass:  Good:  Large Rounds, 120.00.  Fair:  Large Rounds, 85.00.
Utility:  Large Rounds, 65.00.

   Alfalfa/Grass Mix:  Premium:  Large Squares, 200.00.  Good:  Large
Squares, 160.00.

   Sudan Hay:  Large Rounds, 65.00, 85.00 delivered.

   Straw:  Large Squares, 110.00.

   Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct

Quality       ADF      NDF       RFV       TDN-100 pct   TDN-90 pct   CP
Supreme       <27      <34      >185         >62          >55.9       >22
Premium      27-29    34-36    170-185    60.5-62        54.5-55.9  20-22
Good         29-32    36-40    150-170      58-60        52.5-54.5  18-20
Fair         32-35    40-44    130-150      56-58        50.5-52.5  16-18
Utility       >35      >44      <130         <56          <50.5       <16

  RFV calculated using the WI/MN formula.  TDN calculated using the 
western formula.  Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors
can affect feeding value.  Values based on 100 pct dry matter.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value.  Values based on 100 pct dry matter.  End usage may influence hay
price or value more than testing results. 

  Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Source:  USDA-SD Dept of Ag Market News, Sioux Falls, SD
         Justin Lumpkin, Officer in Charge 605-372-8350 

1730c    jll